Microwave History And Buying Guide

The history of the microwave oven is actually more interesting than one might imagine. Created as a sort of by-product of the invention of the magnetron during World War II, the microwave oven is one of those superbly useful inventions whose historical beginnings are almost unknown to the general public. The magnetron was a tube that was installed on British radar systems. This tube emitted microwaves that were designed to help track airplanes during the war. That microwaves cooked food was a completely accidental and incidental discovery.

A scientist named Percy Spencer was working for the Raytheon Corporation in 1946. His use of the magnetron to create microwaves melted a candy bar he had stuck into his pocket. The discovery of the melted candy bar led to the idea that microwaves could be used to cook food.
Mr. Spencer, a self-educated engineer with a curious mind then began experimenting with popcorn and eggs, noting that the microwaves rapidly increased the internal temperature of each food item. The egg actually exploded forcefully during the experiment, covering one of Mr. Spencer’s colleagues with half-cooked yolk.

Microwave Oven India

Engineers at the Raytheon Corporation took Percy Spencer’s idea and began working on a way to make cooking with microwaves less dangerous to bystanders and more practical to everyone. Refining the giant magnetron tubes for industrial use was one of the first steps in creating a microwave oven for the masses. The first of these ovens were enormous at over 5 feet tall and weighing almost eight hundred pounds. Of course, this oven was not going to fit on the counter top of the average home, but the food industry was very interested in its practical applications.

That gigantic microwave oven was pressed into service drying tiles, tobacco, seeds and even match heads. Used for the home building industry, microwave ovens seemed to have endless applications. Drying leather, paper and cork were often accomplished with microwaves, and the ideas continued to flow with new uses for the magnetron microwaves. Of course, food preparation was a bit more regulated than industrial applications, so the microwave moved a little more slowly in the food world. Microwave ovens in India are not as popular as in western countries, but nowadays more and more people are getting aware of its advantages. If you are looking for some good microwave ovens in India, then check out reviews and user experience before buying a microwave.

The first commercial applications in the food industry were on a larger scale than today’s microwave ovens would allow. Drying coffee, shucking shellfish and defrosting meats were some of the first food uses for larger microwave ovens. In 1947, the Radarange was released by the Raytheon Corporation. This first commercially produced microwave oven cost almost $3000 and was the size of today’s refrigerator. A company called Tappan jumped onto the microwave oven bandwagon and re-sized the oven for more modest consumers. The Tappan Microwave Oven sold for around $1200 and was marketed for the kitchen of the average home. In the 1960s, with the acquisition of Amana Refrigeration, the Raytheon Corporation reworked the oven once again. This model was built to fit on a counter top and cost around $450.

Sales of microwave ovens continued to increase during the 1970s and eventually they even outsold standard ovens. The microwave oven itself has continued to increase in power and decrease in price, making it one of the most useful and convenient items in everyone’s kitchen.

Microwave Oven Buying Guide

microwave oven 2016Convenience features on traditional and convection microwaves open your kitchen to an array of mealtime possibilities. Today’s microwaves come in many different varieties, but they all unite around one common goal: to heat things quickly and efficiently. The basic, standard microwave is great for simple tasks like heating milk or ready meals, cooking jacket potatoes, or defrosting frozen food. If you are in the market for a new microwave oven, you’ve probably discovered that the range of models and options can be confusing. Some microwaves offer enough flexibility to prepare an entire meal as effortlessly as a bag of popcorn.

  • It’s no wonder that I have a soft spot in my heart for this unglamorous, yet hard-working kitchen appliance.
  • These offer the convenience of a microwave with the benefit of a grill.
  • Should you buy a countertop or over-the range model?
  • Use our guide to find the best microwave for your kitchen.
  • This is one of the most important preliminary decisions you will make about your microwave purchase.

A grill microwave gives you the added benefit of being able to brown and crisp your food, which is not possible in a standard microwave. What is the best size and power capacity for your needs? Countertop microwaves are available in a variety of sizes and offer the same cooking power as installed units. Where you put your microwave can significantly impact its price, features, size, and ease of installation. They can be used independently as a stand-alone grill, as well as in conjunction with the microwave.
How does a microwave convection oven differ from a conventional microwave? The downside is that they take up valuable counter space and have no outdoor ventilation system. The biggest issue with the counter top variety is the counter space it requires. They come with metal racks so you can position the food close to the grill. Depending on the model you buy, a microwave oven can: Brown, roast, and grill foods like a conventional oven; prepare specific recipes using a pre-programmed touch keypad; cook entire meals without overheating your kitchen; automatically shut off when a sensor determines the food is done.
Some countertop microwaves come with trim kits that make it possible to build them into surrounding cabinetry or attach them to a nearby wall. If you have limited room, you may either want to look at the smaller countertop models available or consider another style of microwave altogether. Combination microwaves combines the benefits of a convection oven, which uses fanned hot air, and a grill. They’re fast and economical, halving the cooking time for many foods.

How To Take Care Of Your Hair – Easy And Simple Tips

Your hair needs special care. With high quality hair and specialized products for colored hair, shine, vitality and strength of hair is maintained. The hair dye in all cases the structure of damaged hair and it weakens. But with high quality dye and specialized Wiggly, nourishing and styling products, your hair remains strong, vibrant and shiny. Maintaining the color of your hair is a problem. Usually after the first wash the color loses its luster, and the hair looks lifeless and limp. But not if you bet on high-quality hair and if you lay the regular care of colored hair with specialized products.

Using Hair Dryers

Hair dryer is one of the most common tool that woman use for their hair. But not all women know, how to use hair dryer so that it does not damage your hair. One of the most important thing about a hair dryer is that you should buy a good hair dryer, not any cheap model. Because so much of how your hair ends up looking is based on whether a hair dryer is a good quality or not. My personal favorite is Babyliss hair dryer, but you can choose any of the best hair dryers available in India. When choosing a good hair dryer following points should be taken into consideration:

Types of hair dryers: There are many types of hair dryer available on the market today. While retail hair dryers are often targeted to domestic users, you may find that buying a professional model is a good investment if you intend to get a lot of use from your hair dryer. Tourmaline hair dryer has a gemstone coating that contains minerals that naturally emit negative ions and make hair shinier. Ceramic blow dryers are supposed to heat more evenly and effectively than the traditional heating element in hair dryers, providing better heat regulation.

Attachments: Some hair dryers have concentrated nozzles, they are good for styling your hair. For shine, direct the nozzle from the roots to the ends. For complete control, use a low speed and high temperature to keep hair from blowing around too much. Then we have diffuser to enhance natural curls, use a hair dryer with diffuser. The attachment diffuses the airflow, gently drying the curls, rather than blowing them out, an ideal hair care accessory.
hair care
If you feel your hair is damaged, here are a few tips for healthy hair that will keep your hair looking amazingly beautiful.

1. Drink Water:
This fluid is a must when working to achieve healthy hair. Not only does it cause hair to become shinier, but also helps in reducing brittle strands and causes your hair to grow at a rapid speed.

2. Proteins and Vitamins: This makes your hair to become more shinier and work wonderfully, if you are experiencing hair loss. The proteins make your hair become more voluminous because it aids in hair development. The vitamin, Biotin is a must (from experience, I can tell you it works wonders!), and large supplements of calcium, Vitamin C.

3. Olive Oil: Olive Oil is great for conditioning and shine. Honey can also be combined with Olive Oil on hair to make the results that much more effective. All you need is a small cup of olive oil. Use your hands to rub it in the ends and the mid length of your hair, shampoo after two hours.

4. The Right Products: Drugstore products will have the equal amount of results than expensive hair care products. It is okay to mix and match your products such as having a moisturized shampoo with dandruff conditioner as long as it suits with your certain hair type. For example, you cannot have a straight-hair shampoo and a blond-streak conditioner for a curly, brunette type. Also, natural products are more healthier than artificial flavors of strawberry and lilac. Also remember if you are using products like hair straightener, then always use the good one.

Avoid the hot water baths. Hot water makes your hair dry and brittle. For the hair fall take the henna, lemon juice and egg white mix all these. Apply this paste on the hair and hair scalp. Wash after 20 minutes. Wash your hair every three days – any more often and you’ll produce excess sebum, which makes hair greasy. Use shampoo that’s right for your hair type. It should also be gentle, respect the pH of your scalp, moisturize and soften the capillary fibre in your hair.

Mosquito Repellent – Uses And Effectiveness

If you want to keep your family protected, the best thing that you can do is to find a good mosquito control systems. This means that you have to ensure that these mosquitoes will not harm anyone in your family. Well, mosquitoes are definitely annoying. Their presence alone will surely make you hate them. Not to mention the fact that they can cause dreaded diseases.

The first thing that you can do is to hire an exterminator. Though this can be very expensive and a little inconvenient, this is effective. The only problem here is that, you have to repeat this every time these insects come back. If you don’t find it a good one, you can also buy chemicals that you can place in ponds near your house or even in any body of water. These chemicals will kill the larva and will stop mosquitoes from growing. In short, you kill the root source.

Using Mosquito Repellent

Mosquito repellents are said to be quiet effective in preventing mosquito bites. They are different from pesticides and they don’t harm human or our skin. Mosquito repellents are not insecticidal and they don’t kill mosquitoes, rather they mask our skin from mosquitoes. There are many types of mosquito repellents available today in the market. But the most effective is repellent with DEET, they also provide longer protection compare to other repellents. Here are some of the mosquito repellents.

DEET based mosquito repellent: This is a chemical based repellent which is widely used across the world. They are suitable for application to human skin and can also be used on fabrics. They come in different range of concentrations. If you are using mosquito repellent for kids, then use low concentration of DEET. Despite the wide spread use of DEET as repellent, there are very few cases of toxicity reported. But they should be used properly and should be applied in limited quantity or as advised on the label. Improper use may cause ingestion and high-concentration usage on children are risk factors for the rarely observed severe toxicity.

Citronella: Oil of citronella is a common ingredient in plant-based mosquito repellents. It is distilled from two species of grasses and is a mixture of more than 80 different compounds. The mosquito plant geranium is a hybridized plant that came about from Chinese citronella grass and African geranium. Oil of citronella repels target pests rather than killing them. It works by masking scents that are attractive to insects. Thus, insects find it difficult to locate their target to feed. Oil of citronella may also work by masking odors attractive to animals. However, no studies could be located. The citronella based repellent provide protection for about 2-5 hours depending upon the concentration and species of mosquito.

Picaridin: Picaridin, also known as KBR 3023, is a relatively new synthetic insect repellent.
Marketed in Europe in the 1990s, it was introduced to the U.S. market in 2005. Studies have shown picaridin to be as effective as DEET in repelling mosquitoes. Unlike DEET, however, picaridin is odorless, non-greasy, and does not dissolve plastics or other synthetics. Picaridin can be used on human skin or clothing to repel mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, fleas, and chiggers. These products may be pump sprays, liquids, aerosols, or wipes. There are about two dozen products with picaridin in them for sale in the United States.

Mosquito Control techniques

It is really important to follow a few indoor mosquito control techniques. Well, you might have done all means to stop mosquitoes from growing outside your house.

However, some of them survive and enter the premises of your home. With the following techniques, your annoyance will surely be diminished or controlled:

  • Place a screen on your window. This will stop these mosquitoes from penetrating even if you open the windows. In short, nothing is sacrificed.
  • You can also use air conditioner all over your house if you can afford doing so. This will surely blow mosquitoes away.
  • Use insect repellant. This will help your skin from being bitten by a mosquito. Though not all repellants are effective, you can at least give one a try.
  • Maintain cleanliness. This is the most effective technique since this will surely stop mosquitoes from breeding.

Humidifiers in India – How to Choose The Best

Humidifiers are very useful device that should be present in every home. This device basically adds moisture to the our surroundings in order to prevent dryness that can cause many harmful effects on our body. Humidifiers are very effective in treating dry skin, chapped lips, nose and throat. Many people also use them to prevent common colds and flu.

What are Humidifiers

humidifier in India
A humidifier is basically a small electronic device that increases moisture in a single room or your entire house (depending upon the type of humidifiers). A humidifier works to restore moisture into the air that may be missing during the cool winter months. There are many type of humidifiers available on the market, but at the most basic level, the device emits water vapor into a space to increase the level of humidity. Large humidifiers are used in commercial, institutional, or industrial contexts, often as part of a larger HVAC system. No matter the type of technology they use, all humidifiers essentially function in the same manner. These appliances force moisture into your indoor air in the form of an invisible mist. You can find many good humidifiers in India, but before buying read reviews and user experience.

Types of Humidifiers

Humidifiers add water to the air via a number of methods. Evaporation units feature a fan that introduces water into the air by blowing on a moistened pad. Depending upon the method used and the area they cover, humidifiers can be classified into following types:

Furnace-mounted central humidifiers are installed in the ducts of a forced-air furnace. When the furnace is on, the humidifier spreads moisture throughout the house.

Cool Mist humidifiers gently disperse cool, invisible mist into the air. Dry air is pulled into the system, passing through a saturated wick filter. Moisture is fan-evaporated into the air while sediment, minerals, and other impurities are trapped in the filter.

Ultrasonic humidifier: An ultrasonic humidifier uses a metal diaphragm vibrating at an ultrasonic frequency, much like the element in a high-frequency speaker, to create water droplets. An ultrasonic humidifier is usually silent, and also produces a cool fog.

Warm Mist humidifier: They produce warm, soothing visible mist for added comfort during cold winter months. A gentle boiling process traps impurities, releasing clean warm vapor into the air. Many models but not all offer humidistat technology and medicine cups to disperse inhalants for added relief.

Why You Need Humidifiers

During winter, relative humidity decreases considerably and ranges between 30 to 40 percent. In colder weather, humidity toward the lower end of this range is better for reducing condensation and mold growth. Since the air in our home is always trying to reach its saturation point, it will absorb water wherever it can; from our bodies, to our pets and also from furniture of our house to everything. This cause our skin, nasal passages and throat dry out, leaving us more more susceptible to physical discomfort, colds, flu and even infection.

A humidifier maintains the humidity level in winter and it helps people suffering from cold, asthma, or allergies. A humidifier is very useful and keeps our nasal passages lubricated, which in turn help speed up the healing process when you’re under the weather. For people with bad allergies, there are humidifiers that are specially designed to purify the air as well. But be sure not to humidify too much. Excessive condensation from a humidifier can result wood rot, mold growth and peeling paint.

Will a humidifier harm my home?

A humidifier is a tool that helps you keep your home within your desired humidity level. If you keep your humidity levels within that range, you and your home are protected from the effects of having too little, or too much humidity.

Features to Look in a humidifier

  • Noise Level: There are humidifiers that are noisy in comparison to others. This can cause problems when sleeping if its placed in your bedroom at night. Check humidifiers for noise level and decide whether you want to run the humidifier during the night.
  • Adjustable humidistat to maintain desired humidity.
  • Automatic shutoff to turn off humidifier when out of water.
  • Ease of handling and maintenance: If you want to move the humidifier around to humidify different areas of the house, make sure you get a lightweight one. The tank should be easy to clean and fill up.
  • Adjustable fan speed if quieter operation is important.
  • Anti “white dust” filters for ultrasonic or impeller humidifiers.
  • Anti-bacterial features.
  • Anti-scalding safety latches

Pregnancy Care – Tips And Guide

Are you ever curious how celebrities seem to manage to return to their weight from before they got pregnant so quickly? The reason is that they keep themselves from gaining excess weight during their pregnancy. Weight increases that are not due to the baby s growth, the placenta, the womb, or the extra supply of blood is considered excess weight. According to physicians, it is possible for a woman to produce a perfectly healthy baby without putting on excess weight. Following these guidelines should help prevent you from gaining extra pounds.

Appropriate Weight Gain vs. Excessive During Pregnancy

To begin with, it is important that you know the difference between how much weight gain is normal, as this weight should disappear after the baby s birth, and how much weight gain is excessive. Women in different pre pregnancy shape should gain different amounts of weight during pregnancy; for instance, a woman in good shape should gain between 25 and 35 pounds, a woman who is underweight should gain between 28 and 40 pounds, and a woman who is overweight should only gain between 15 and 25 pounds. In most cases, the pregnant woman gains weight slowly during the course of the baby s development. During the first trimester, the woman often loses between 2 and 4 pounds, followed by increases of 2 to 4 pounds per week until the baby is delivered.
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Why Use Induction Cooktops in India

An induction cooktops is very popular kitchen appliance that is quiet useful. They may be little expensive than other cooking source. But induction cooktops will be more quicker to cook and easy to use. In long term they are also cheaper to run. The induction method uses electromagnet power to only heat up those areas of the hob directly in contact with the pan. One of the advantage of using induction cooktop is that you can adjust temperature instantly. The induction cooktop does cannot turn on without a metal pan or cookware. The surface of this appliance does not remain warm and hence there is no danger of accidental burn. Cleaning induction cooktop is very easy, you can quickly clean it. To the ones who want a very modern kitchen, best induction cooktop in India is their top most choice with lots of features.

What is Induction Cooktop

Induction cooking is considered to be the most efficient cooking technologies present in this time. With this technology, up to ninety percent of the energy consumed is transferred to the food, compared to about seventy percent for traditional electric systems and forty percent of gas. This technology has become popular in India, but its adoption in the many other developed or under developing countries is less enthusiastic. Several market barriers exist for this induction technology, including expensive initial cost, requirement of special cookware, and lower
perceived reliability.

The only difference between an induction and electric cooktop model is that the surface elements on an induction model heat vessels by using an some kind of electromagnetic field, whereas other sources uses direct radiant heat. The electromagnetic field doesn’t create a glow so you won’t know it’s on. That’s why manufacturers are adding virtual flames and other special lights as a cue. Select cooktops of the proper size, material and construction for the particular type of cooking being done. This unit is equipped with induction elements of different size. As for the range ovens, they use pretty much the same old technology for bake and broil elements, whether the range is an induction or electric cooktop.

Benefits of Using Induction Cooktops

The most important benefits of induction cooktop is that they are as or more “powerful” at heating as any other sort—is that you can adjust the cooking heat instantly and with great precision. Induction elements typically heat quickly and no other technology that we’ve tested is faster than the fastest induction elements, but we’re talking 2 to 4 minutes faster to bring 6 quarts of water to a near boil.Before induction, good cooks, including all professionals, overwhelmingly preferred gas to all other forms of electric cooking for one reason: the substantial “inertia” in ordinary electric cookers—when you adjust the heat setting, the element only slowly starts to increase or decrease its temperature. With gas, when you adjust the element setting, the energy flow adjusts instantly.

As we said, cooking is the application of heat to food. Food being prepared in the home is very rarely if ever cooked on a rangetop except in or on a cooking vessel of some sort—pot, pan, whatever. With induction cooking, energy is supplied directly to the cooking vessel by the magnetic field; thus, almost all of the source energy gets transferred to that vessel. Thus, the job of the cooker is not to heat the food but to heat the cooking vessel—which in turn heats and cooks the food. But your pots will get very hot while cooking and that heat transfers from the surface below and around the pot. So if you’re using several induction elements the surface will heat up too. That not only allows the convenient holding of the food—which may be a liquid—it also allows, when we want it, a more gradual or more uniform application of heat to the food by proper design of the cooking vessel.

Induction cooktops are safe and as we have said earlier in this post, that induction stovetop remains cool they don’t become hot like other cooktops. So no more burned fingers or hands for you, this feature is particularly important in families where there are small children. And for kitchens that need to take into account special needs, such as wheelchair access, nothing, but nothing, can beat induction for both safety and convenience. The magnetic field of an induction cooktop can interfere with a digital thermometer so you may need an analog thermometer, an old-fashioned solution to a modern problem.

How Induction Technology Works

When a good-sized piece of magnetic material—such as, for example, a cast-iron skillet—is placed in the magnetic field that the element is generating, the field transfers (“induces”) energy into that metal. That transferred energy causes the metal—the cooking vessel—to become hot. A typical induction cooker is composed of a switching power electronics circuit that delivers high-frequency current to a planar coil of wire embedded in the cooking surface. The cookware is magnetically coupled to the coil by the oscillating magnetic field, analogous to the
coupling between primary and secondary coils of a transformer.By controlling the strength of the electromagnetic field, we can control the amount of heat being generated in the cooking vessel—and we can change that amount instantaneously.

To generate sufficient heat for cooking, cookware must be used that has relatively high permeability and resistivity. Typical induction cookers operate at switching frequency between 25 kHz and 50 kHz. The element’s electronics power a coil (the red lines) that produces a high-frequency electromagnetic field. That field penetrates the metal of the ferrous (magnetic-material) cooking vessel and sets up a circulating electric current, which generates heat. Because each of the major cooking efficiency test procedures used in the U.S. specifies an aluminum stock pot be used for testing, no standard test procedure is compatible. Nowadays there are also many induction cooktops (every maker has its own trademarked term for “zoneless’, but that’s the common term). It rather seems, at this point, as if the mountain has labored to birth a mouse. The original promise of zoneless was a surface on which you could put down any size or shape of cooking vessel in any location or orientation and have everything work.

Computer Hardware – Learn Basic Components

It is simple to obtain baffled if you are researching computers. Several newcomers get frustrated also it looks such as the salesman on the community large box digital shop is speaking an international language. Several conditions and terms utilize for the personal computer marketplace that does not utilize to any other element of living. What is software? What is hardware? What may be the CPU? ROM? RAM? Let’s consider a moment in time to glance at some illustrations of personal computer hardware.

Understanding Computer Hardware

Computer hardware is just that, the “hard” surfaces you can touch. Hardware is what the personal computer is produced of. Computer software may be the applications operating around the hardware that informs your personal computer what to complete if you make utilization of the personal computer to equilibrium your checkbook, glance at e-mail or surf the internet. Illustrations of personal computer hardware include:

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WiFi Routers – Learn Basic Tips And Guide

You might have heard lot about WiFi routers or more commonly wireless router. They are getting popular every other day, and more and more people are buying wireless routers for their home or small offices. But what is wireless router?. In simple terms it is basic networking device which connects your computers, tablets, iPads and smartphones together and connect them to internet or other local WAN. We will learn more in detail later in this post.

Different Types of Wireless Signals

There are hundred different types of wireless technologies all around the world. Most popular among them are AM and FM radio, Mobile phones, TV signals, Satellite signals, WiFi and Bluetooth. These wireless signals are some of the most common signals, but what makes them different?


A WiFi signal from any type of source or device occupies a spectrum or wide range of frequencies: the rate at which a signal vibrates. If the signal vibrates at slow rate then this signal has low frequency. A high frequency signal vibrates at much faster rater. The unit that measures frequency is Hertz, which is the count of how quickly a signal changes every second. As an example, FM radio signals vibrate around 100 million times every second! Since communications signals are often very high in frequency, we abbreviate the measurements for the frequencies – millions of vibrations a second is Megahertz (MHz), and billions of vibrations a second is Gigahertz (GHz). One thousand Megahertz is one Gigahertz. The frequency your wireless devices connect to is based on a number of factors: the capability of your wireless devices, the model of your Network Box, and the physical location of your equipment.


One of the fundamental aspects of any wireless communications transmission system is modulation, or the way in which the information is superimposed on the wireless carrier. There are several ways in which a WiFi carrier can be modulated to carry a signal, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. The choice of modulation have a great impact on the radio communications system. Some forms are better suited to one kind of traffic whereas other forms of modulation will be more applicable in other instances. Choosing the correct form of modulation is a key decision in any wireless communications system design.

WiFi Signals

When building a wireless network, you will be using Wi-Fi technology, which has some unique characteristics that need to be kept in consideration. In general, there are only two types of wireless signal which is classified based on the frequency:
2.4GHz – A lower frequency, this is the more common Wi-Fi technology in use today. Many devices use it, so the signals can become more crowded and interfere with each other. It can pass through walls and windows fairly well.
5GHz – This higher frequency technology is used by fewer devices, and can sometimes achieve higher speeds because the frequencies are less crowded. It cannot pass through walls and windows as well as the 2.4GHz band signals, so the range of 5GHz technology is often shorter.

Wireless Router

A wireless router or a WiFi router is a simple electronic device that connects various devices to your high-speed internet connection and allows multiple devices to get online without even having to be plugged into the modem. These electronic devices include PCs, printers, smart phones, gaming consoles, smart TVs and many more. Most WiFi routers in India have two USB ports, while few have a single USB port. Routers with a single USB port is designed to get input from either a printer or desktop computers. For wireless routers having 2 USB ports, one is designated for the printer and the other one is designated for either desktop or mobile external hard disk drive.
Some WiFi routers have a USB port specifically designed for gaming.

How To Create a Secure WiFi network

As more and more people convert their existing home networks to wireless the need to make sure that your network is secure has become essential. This is especially important for those who have confidential data. It is also important that your wireless network is secure, so others cannot misuse it.
In order to protect your computer network, the experts highly recommends that all home broadband users, with intentions of setting up a wireless network, purchase a top WiFi routers with enhanced security. These routers include 4 network ports for wired connections and allow the use of up to 254 wireless devices on your network.

The procedure for installing the Linksys router will differ depending on whether your DSL/Cable modem installation uses PPPoE. Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is an extension of the original PPP protocol used for dialup connections. PPPoE requires that the DSL or Cable modem user initiate the connection by providing a username and password. Older DSL and Cable modem connections do not use this method. In the procedure below, certain steps will only apply to PPPoE users.

Why Operate at Higher Frequencies?

The frequency spectrum is quite fragmented and dense. This encompasses one of the reasons that we are constantly pushing applications into higher and higher frequencies. However, some of the other reasons accounting for this push into higher frequencies include efficiency in propagation, immunity to some forms of noise and impairments as well as the size of the antenna required. The antenna size is typically related to the wavelength of the signal and in practice is usually ¼ wavelength.
WiFi Router Channel Allocation
This leads to a very interesting question. Typically, data is structured and easily represented at low frequencies; how can we represent it or physically translate it to these higher RF frequencies? For example, the human audible range is from 20 Hz to 20 kHz. According to the Nyquist theorem, we can completely represent the human audible range by sampling at 40 kHz or, more precisely, at 44.1 kHz (this is where stereo audio is sampled). Cell phones, however, operate at around 850 MHz. How does this happen?

The question, then, is why so many of your gadgets operate at 2.4 GHz, instead of the ~2,399,999,999 whole number frequencies below it, or any number above it. It seems almost controlled, or guided. It seems, maybe, a bit arbitrary. It seems, well, regulated.

A glance at FCC regulations confirms any suspicions. A band of frequencies clustered around 2.4 GHz has been designated, along with a handful of others, as the Industrial, Scientific, and Medical radio bands. “A lot of the unlicensed stuff — for example, Wi-Fi — is on the 2.4-GHz or the 900-Mhz frequencies, the ISM bands. You don’t need a license to operate on them.” That’s Ira Kelpz, Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology at the Federal Communications Commission, explaining precisely why these ISM bands are attractive to gadget makers: They’re free to use. If routers and cordless phones and whatever else are relegated to a small band 2.4 GHz, then their radio waves won’t interfere with, say, cellphones operating at 1.9 GHz, or AM radio, which broadcasts between 535 kHz and 1.7 MHz.

How to Improve Your WiFi Signal

If you’re having problems with your wireless network, here’s a few tips to help you improve the signal. Depending on your setup and circumstances, you might not be able to try everything we mention here. Don’t worry if so, these are only recommendations so just do what you can. It’s a good idea to connect your router to the master telephone socket (it’s usually the one closest to where the telephone line enters your property). This becomes more important if you have a poor quality or long line. While you don’t have to use the master socket, it’s where you’ll get the best broadband performance.


Your router broadcasts using high frequency (2.4Ghz) radio signals. Like all radio signals it’s possible for them to pick up interference. Microwave ovens, security cameras, Bluetooth devices, cordless phones and baby monitors are common causes of interference so if you can’t place your router away from these, be aware that you may have temporary problems when using them. If you notice problems while using a cordless phone, a phone that broadcasts on a higher frequency, (such as 5.8 GHz, ask a retailer about this) should stop this from happening.

Wi-Fi routers started as proprietary, paired systems operating on all manner of frequencies, only settling on a standard — 5 GHz — with the codification of 802.11a. Then the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers agreed that 2.4 GHz, with its wide channel selection and range/penetration/cost potential, was a safer bet. Today, some Wireless N routers can operate on both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands concurrently. Routers could function just as well at 2.3 or 2.5 GHz, but they’re not allowed. It’s the rules. The 2.4 GHz band, which runs from about 2,400 to 2,483.5 Mhz, is where routers have to live.

Ipad – A New Revolution in Modern Times

Ipad how to use, this question arises in people because such as every computer gadget out, people have been use only few parts of its entire potential. What does it can do, how to set up the ipad, can i perform the similar things such as performed with a computer. ipad how to use this is the number one question asked by many people after purchasing it.

Fortunately apple inc. has performed a effective work of making the device user friendly. If some buys the ipad, they will identify few of the things. The first thing which you will find is no there is no keyboard. There is a big home button situated on the ipad bottom front. You can also see a headphone mini jack, microphone, volume control, a connector, built in speaker on the side, sleep, on and off mode and a wonderful sleek surface which create the face of the amazing device.

Will Ipad Video Lessons Work For You?

Five years back, people were using computers and laptops to do their work. But time has changed everything and people in the present world use handheld devices like iPads and smartphones for most of their work. IPad can be considered as an affordable palmtop device, which can assist you to engage with most of your work.
Are you looking for a method to get the maximum out of your iPad? Then IPad Video Lessons Review is for you.

These lessons are specifically designed to teach the hidden secrets of IPads.
When you purchase a new Ipad, you will not get an instruction manual. Therefore, you will have to learn the things on your own. Even though people in Apple claim that users do not need a manual to get used with the iPad, it keeps them away from many features.

These features have the potential to increase your productivity, so it is a must for you to be familiar with all the available features of your ipad. IPad Video Lessons can assist you with that it will give you the chance to learn almost everything about your ipad quickly and easily. IPad Video Lessons consists of a collection of video lessons, which can teach about all the features of an Apple iPad. It includes more than 100 video tutorials, with about 11 minutes each. You will be able to download all these

All these video tutorials are compiled by iPad Pete, who is known as an awesome geek in conducting tutorials. He has a vast knowledge about the field and he delivers his knowledge to the ipad users through ipad lessons.
The available lessons of IPad Video Lessons are categorized into nine modules for your convenience.

The first three modules will teach you the basic features, which people use rarely. These basic features are extremely simple ones and some of you might already know them. But trust me, there are things that you don’t know about your ipad. The tips offered in the first three modules provide advices on increasing the efficiency of browsing the Internet and emails.

This will assist you to save a lot of time as well as money.
The next three modules of IPad Video Lessons are about increasing the efficiency of using apps in your iPad. Knowing how to use these apps can increase your productivity when reading an eBook, listening to a song and capturing images with your iPad.

Most of the people who have purchased IPad Video Lessons claim that they did not even know whether these features are there in their iPad. The main objectives of these three modules are enhancing the multimedia experience of iPad users.
The final three modules of IPad Video Lessons are about watching videos, organizing your photo album and exploring maps on your ipad. Some people think that they know everything about their ipad.

However, when you go through IPad Video Lessons, you will understand that there is a lot that you don’t know. When you discover these hidden secrets, you will love your ipad and you will tend to spend more time with it.

IPad Video Lessons also provides a good training on using iOS 5, iOS 6, synchronizing your device, backing up the content, obtaining lifetime updates, iCloud training and many more. When you update the operating system in your iPad, you will not get confused anymore, thanks to IPad Video Lessons.

Each video has a connection with the others, so you are advised to follow the lessons in order, to get the best out of it. All these videos are easily accessible through the Internet and you can watch them at any time in a simple way. You can also pause, play and replay the videos, as you need.

Once you purchase IPad Video Lessons kit, you will get a lifetime membership in their portal. You can easily log into your account from any part of the world and watch the videos. All the available tutorials of IPad Video Lessons are broken into few minutes and each video speaks about a specific topic.
The price of IPad Video Lessons kit is reasonable as well and it will be extremely cheap when compared with the price of your iPad.

You can save a lot of time by understanding these tips and it will save your precious money as well. Therefore, any iPad user can purchase IPad Video Lessons program without thinking twice.

Technology In Modern World

Technology has been integrated into all areas of everyday life. Whether you are transferring photos from your digital camera to your computer, emailing your spouse a few items to pick up from the grocery store, using your cell phone to check movie times while en route, or researching new career opportunities, technology is now an essential method of gathering information and communicating. Because of the rapid growth of technology in the last twenty-five years, this is a thriving industry on which to focus your education. Even if you do not consider yourself to be technically savvy, don’t dismiss the idea of a career in technology without first evaluating the areas of the industry and the advantages of this type of degree. Another important factor to remember is that technology degrees are the most flexible in terms of earning a degree outside the classroom. This type of degree might offer more flexibility than other areas of study.


Since the trend in technology is a constant state of change in terms of the latest and the greatest, it may be wise to first focus on a computer science or information technology degree and then turn your studies to a more specialized field. Learning about all aspects of technology will also help you determine what field of study interests you most. Talk with people you know who work with technology to learn more about their jobs and what path they took to get there. Some areas of concentration in technology are:

  • Computer Forensics
  • Computer Science
  • Database Technology
  • E-Business (E-commerce)
  • Graphics and Multimedia
  • Information Technology / Computer Systems
  • Network Administration and Security
  • Programming
  • Project Management
  • Software Engineering
  • Technology Support
  • Telecommunications
  • Web Development and Design

Qualities and Skills

Technology courses will answer the basics, like:

  • How did technology evolve?
  • What is computer science?
  • What is programming, and how is it used?

Aside from the specialized skills, though, technology majors will find that they must be able to communicate clearly when writing or speaking; collaborate with colleagues; use critical thinking and problem solving skills; solve problems with the end user in mind; and be persistent and patient when working on a problem.


About 40 percent of the technology industry is comprised of professional occupations such as computer programmers, network administrators, software engineers, and support specialists. Another 31 percent is made up of office and administrative positions. Data entry keyers, bookkeepers, and computer operators rest in this category. Management, financial, and business occupations make up a smaller percentage and include positions like computer and information systems managers, human resource specialists, and top executives.


The salary range is very diverse in technology. Your salary will depend on what area of expertise your degree is based and what additional certifications you have. Like all industries, management and executive levels will receive the top pay. The U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the average rate of pay for computer and information systems managers was relatively higher, followed by network and computer systems administrators, and then by data entry keyers.